Types of Fiber Optic CablesTypes of Fiber Optic Cables

Fiber optic is famous by many names, including Optical Fibre. This is a style of technology currently in use to send information available as light pulses through plastic fiber. In a fiber optics cable, there are numerous of these fibers. In an expensive cable, you will discover hundreds of those threads. The core of glass fiber is protected by making use of another layer called cladding. And then this layer is protected through the buffer tube layer. Finally, you will find there’s jacket layer to shield the individual and. Generally, these cables are being used instead of copper cables for assorted reasons. These cables provide a lot of advantages, including transmission speed and bandwidth. Let’s gather more information.

If you would like high-speed data networking, you could possibly consider fiber optics. As a matter of fact, this cable is frequently used in a lots of communication sectors for networking services. Some examples of those services include telephones, television, plus the internet.

For example, big Giants including Google and Verizon start using thise cables to offer their services at very fast.

How does Optical Fiber Work?

Basically, optical fiber cables transmit data through light particles called photons. Since each layer incorporates a different refractive index, it bends the incoming light at different angles. When the signals of light are transmitted with the cable at top speed, they reflect in the core for a speed 30% under that of light.

Sometimes, companies use signal boosters of those cables. The function these repeaters or boosters is always to convert the signal into a pulse for transmitting once more. These days, these cables are employed to provide speeds of up to 10 GB per second. Generally, for high speeds, thicker plus more expensive cables are being used.


As far as primary types are worried, you will find single-mode and multimode cables. Let’s gather more information about every sort.

Single-Mode Fiber

Since the single-mode fiber optic cable includes a smaller diameter, it can be used for long-distance data transmission. Due to the small diameter these cables, it’s possible to reduce attenuation that will negatively impact the signal strength.

Besides, these cables employ a small opening that can cause only one beam. Therefore, it makes for a direct route for long-distance data transmission.

Unlike multimode fiber, single-mode fiber incorporates a relatively higher bandwidth. Generally, a laser will be the source of light for single-mode fiber. Since these sorts of optical fiber feature free size calculations, they’re able to help reduce the sunlight in a relatively smaller opening.

Multimode Fiber

This kind of cable is useful for short-distance data transmission. The reason is that light bounces in large openings and reflects more with this process. Moreover, in terms of a great deal of data transmission is involved, cables which has a larger diameter are definitely more suitable.